Sino-Indian tensions escalate 2021


Sino-Indian Troops have clashed along a de facto border on India`s eastern tip resulting in injuries on both sides India’s defense ministry said the clash occurred last week on Friday along the so-called line of actual control (LAC)  in the Tawang sector in Indian’s Arunachal Pradesh state. China claims the entire state is part of its territory both India and China have their perception of where the defect of the border between both countries lies.

It’s a more than 3000-kilometer disputed border that extends from Arunachal Pradesh in the East to Kashmir in the west the Lac has been the scene of a tense face-off between India and China after troops of both countries engaged in deadly hand-to-hand fighting in an area called Galwan in June 2020.


The Himalayan border between India and China is one of the world’s hottest flashpoints. Since the war between the two nuclear powers in 1962, there’s been a fragile peace along the demarcation known as the line of actual control. People`s Liberation Army troops and the Indian Army are face to face.

 Sino-Indian, New Delhi wants to prove India has the military power to match its growing economic strength in both Countries displays of strength in the border Dispute go down well with the domestic audience. As China is emerging as a great power in the world order and as the world order is changing e.g., the war between Russia and Ukraine, New alliances are being built between China and Gulf Countries. Likewise, the alliance with Central Asia countries is building a Security dilemma for India. Moreover, India facing two front war threats from China and Pakistan.


Ladakh dispute

There are long-standing agreements forbidding the use of firearms along an ill-defined border. Tensions were mounted when the two Countries’ armies fought hand to hand in the Galwan valley of Ladakh least 20 Indian soldiers were killed. After the limited conflict, Ladakh became a core concern for China. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said “India wants peace but if provoked we are capable of giving an appropriate response”

security dialogue

Beijing is particularly upset about Indians’ participation in the quad security dialogue which also includes the US, Japan, and Australia. UN called both Countries for de-escalation in the wake of the clashes that took place. As both Armies are armed to the teeth and are both nuclear powers countries any clash along the line of actual control is a cause of concern not just locally but would create huge tension for the whole world.

PAT RYDER, PENTAGON PRESS SECRETARY said “We are closely watching the development along the line of actual control at the India-China border we have seen the PRC continue to amass forces and build military infrastructure along the LAC however I would defer you to India in terms of their views. we will continue to remain steadfast in our commitment to ensuring the security of our partners and we fully support India`s ongoing efforts to de-escalate this situation”.

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